Monday, February 28, 2011

the history of Red Square in Moscow

source wikipedia

The rich history of Red Square .
 The square was meant to serve as Moscow's main marketplace. It was also used for various public ceremonies and proclamations, and occasionally as the site of coronation for Russia's czars. The square has been gradually built up since that point and has been used for official ceremonies by all Russian governments since it was established.
The name Red Square derives neither from the colour of the bricks around it (which, in fact, were whitewashed at certain points in history) nor from the link between the colour red and communism. Rather, the name came about because the Russian word красная (krasnaya) can mean either "red" or "beautiful" (the latter being rather archaic). This word, with the meaning "beautiful", was originally applied to Saint Basil's Cathedral and was subsequently transferred to the nearby square. It is believed that the square acquired its current name (replacing the older Pozhar, or "burnt-out place") in the 17th century. Several ancient Russian towns, such as Suzdal, Yelets, and Pereslavl-Zalessky, have their main square named Krasnaya ploshchad, namesake of Moscow's Red Square.

Tuesday, February 22, 2011

Day 37 - Moscow - Kremlin - 80 days in Europe - 2010 - Original Signed Numbered Fine Art Photography Print

" Log Diary
Day 37

And here I am in Russia, above Moscow.... After getting lost, the winds have helped me, and pushed me towards the north of Europe. I can feel the cold getting through me... I don't know how long I will be staying here... The city looks amazing, with its impressive and emblematic architecture...

Aphiles, Russia, Moscow, 9:14 am"

Monday, February 21, 2011

I'm lost but my friends are there

I'm lost in the middle of europe I feel very alone but my friends are thereand with me and comfort me and everyone else you can find here...

inapaleplace, jenni4k, zime, cloveristanbul, ThisYearsGirl, InmostLight, tuckooandmoocow, LaTouchables

Wednesday, February 16, 2011

Day 36 - Lost - 80 days in Europe - 2010 - Original Signed Numbered Fine Art Print

" Log Diary
Day 36

I woke up this morning... and have to say I really don't know where I am. I think I am still above Latvia, according to my navigation tools. I should be able to tell you more in my next log...

Aphiles, lost somewhere above Europe"

Tuesday, February 15, 2011

Treasure Malbork

Here are the treasures found in the castle of Malbork.
I am pleased to share them.
And look there are tons of here ....

peifferStudios, NzLbags, LouisestArt, prairieantiques, msquaredesign, byebyebirdy, sweetharvey

Monday, February 14, 2011

history of Malbork

source wikipedia

The castle was founded in 1274 by the Teutonic Order during its rule of Prussia. It is located on the southeastern bank of the river Nogat. It was named Marienburg after theVirgin Mary, patron saint of the Order.
The Order had been based in Acre (present-day Israel). When this last stronghold of the western Crusades fell to Muslim Arabs, the Order moved its headquarters to Venice. In 1309, in the wake of the papal persecution of the Knights Templar and the Teutonic takeover of Danzig,Siegfried von Feuchtwangen led the Order to relocate its headquarters into the Prussian part of its monastic state. They chose the site of Marienburg, conveniently located on the Nogat in the Vistula Delta. As with most cities of the time, it was based on water for transportation.
The castle was expanded several times to house the growing number of Knights. It became what some claim is the largest fortified Gothic building in Europe. It has several subdivisions and numerous layers of defensive walls. It consists of three separate castles - the High, Middle and Lower Castles, separated by multiple dry moats and towers. The castle once housed approximately 3,000 "brothers in arms". The outermost castle walls enclose 52 acres (21 ha), four times the acreage of the enclosed space of Windsor Castle. The developed part of the property designated as a World Heritage Site is 18.0380 ha.
The favourable position of the castle on the river Nogat allowed for easy access by barges and trading ships arriving from the Vistula and theBaltic Sea. During their governance, the Teutonic Knights collected river tolls from passing ships, as did other castles along the rivers. They controlled a monopoly on the trade of amber. When the city became a member of the Hanseatic League, many Hanseatic meetings were held at Marienburg castle.
In 1456, during the Thirteen Years' War, the Order—deserted and opposed for establishing taxes to pay high ransoms for prisoners taken by the Polish king—could not pay its mercenaries. Hochmeister Ludwig von Erlichshausen moved the seat of the Order to KönigsbergStibor de Poniec of the Clan of Ostoja raised funds from Gdansk for a new campaign against the Order. Learning that the Order's Bohemian mercenaries had not been paid, Stibor convinced them to leave by promising them their unpaid wages. He used the money from Gdansk to pay them. Following the departure of the mercenaries, King Casimir IV Jagiellon entered the castle in triumph in 1457.In the summer of 1410, the castle was besieged following defeat by the armies of Władysław II Jagiełło andVytautas the Great (Witold) at the Battle of GrunwaldHeinrich von Plauen successfully led the defense in theSiege of Marienburg (1410), during which the city outside was razed.
Under mayor Bartholomäus Blume, the city resisted the Polish forces for three more years, but the Poles captured and hanged him in 1460. A monument to Blume was erected in 1864. In 1466 both castle and town became part of Royal Prussia. It served as one of the several Polish royal residences. During the Thirty Years' War, in 1626 and 1629 Swedish forces occupied the castle. They invaded and occupied it again 1656 to 1660 during the Northern Wars.

Sunday, February 6, 2011

Day 35 - Poland - Malbork - The castle - 80 days in Europe - 2010 - Original Signed Numbered Fine Art Photography Print

" Log Diary
Day 35
Here I am , blown towards the south of Gdansk, above the castle of Marlbork, the biggest gothic fortress in Europe. In 1274, Marlbork had the monopole of amber trade.
I let you discover this massive and impressive fortress...

Aphiles Poland, Marlbork, 10:35 am"

Wednesday, February 2, 2011

my last day in Gdansk

for my last day in Gdansk, I've found a very nice selection to the color of ambersymbol of Gdansk.

I hope that love will find seen with this beautiful city in Poland, even more beautifulthing s here....

bananastrudel, cloveristanbul, myAvonlea, Dalim, DreamsFactory, CrabappleVintage, esmeraldadesigns, Garden22DesignStudio